Aristotle ideas of creating an ideal literary text are clearly brought out in the play Oedipus. Aristotle illustrates the need for an elaborate plot that has tight nexus of ignorance, Harmatia, reversal recognitions then knowledge. These elements come out clearly in the Sophocles play Oedipus where the main character Oedipus emerges as the tragic hero. Oedipus kills his father and marries his mothers.
Classical Greek author Sophocles, along with Aeschylus and Euripides, was a primary innovator of the new genre of tragedy, shaping stage conventions that have become central to dramatic art. Sophocles' ability to blend irony and poetry with effective dramatic technique has earned him a reputation as the greatest playwright of world literature.
His father was a wealthy businessman named Sophillus. As such, Sophocles enjoyed a Greek education that included art and music. His musical ability presented him with a solo part that he sang in the victory paean after the battle of Salamis in bce.
This naval battle between Greek city-states and Persia took place in the strait between Piraeus and Salamis Island. The Greeks won handily, preventing Persia from conquering the Peloponnese. Prize Winner at the Greater Dionysia When Sophocles completed his education, he competed in the dramatic festival the Greater Dionysia, held every spring for five days.
During the time of the festival, all business stopped in Athens, and everyone was invited to participate, even prisoners, who were freed to participate. At the festival of bce, Sophocles defeated Aeschylus, winning first prize. Sophocles went on to win first prize more than twenty times, never receiving anything below second prize, a unique feat among Greek dramatists.
Elite Athenian As a member of the Athenian elite at a time when Athens enjoyed extraordinary cultural and political supremacy, Sophocles held important political positions. He held the post of treasurer Hellenotamias in either or bce, and served as general along with Pericles a prominent Athenian general, statesman, and orator in the war to suppress a revolution in Samos from to bce.
Samos had been occupied by Athenians in bce. Sophocles was also made a member of the Athenian senate.
In addition to his political appointments, Sophocles showed his devotion to traditional religion by serving as a priest of the healing deity Amynos.
Debatable Dates It is estimated that Sophocles wrote some plays. Titles and fragments of ninety exist, but only seven tragedies survive in their entirety.
Of these seven, there is a only one that is firmly dated, Philoctetes, in bce. Oedipus at Colonus is known to have been Sophocles' last creation because it was produced posthumously in bce. There are grounds for placing Antigone close to bce.
The date of Women of Trachis, a play whose authenticity has been doubted by a few in the past, is now generally put at sometime before Antigone.
Ajax is also deemed to be relatively early: The date of Oedipus Rex has been endlessly discussed without an agreement being reached; stylistically it seems not far from Electra, whose placing on the chronological table is uncertain as to whether it precedes or follows Euripides' Electra, written in bce.
Works in Literary Context Among Sophocles known influences were Greek mythology as interpreted and shaped by poets such as Homer as well as Aeschylus—the author of such plays as The Persians bce —who was twenty-eight years older than Sophocles but also Sophocles' rival during his early years as a writer.Oedipus, a Tragedy was based on Sophocles's Oedipus, but the original drama was crucially changed in several respects.
The design of sub-plots and intrigues [ edit ] Dryden and Lee add a subplot of secondary characters – a love story about Adrastus, prince of Argos, and Eurydice, Oedipus' daughter.
The Arrogance of King Oedipus Essay.
|My friends, for what concerns our commonwealth, The Gods who vexed it with the billowing storms Have righted it again; and I have sent, By special summons, calling you to come Apart from all the others.|
The play “Oedipus Rex” was written by an ancient Greek playwright named Sophocles. Sophocles is known for his compelling tragedies and well-rounded characters.
- Oedipus the King: Appetite for Destruction Of all the tragedies that Greek playwright Sophocles created in his illustrious career, the one that stands out as his masterpiece, and quite possibly one of the greatest of all the Greek tragedies is Oedipus the King.
OEDIPUS REX by Sophocles has been regarded as one of the greatest tragedies ever written. The plot is is suffering famine and plague and all are desperate to discover its cause.
In Greek thought, there was no dividing line between natural and moral law. If. Writing about Oedipus Rex in , F. J. H. Letters wrote in The Life and Work of Sophocles, “The Oedipus tyrannus (King Oedipus) is the best-known and best-built of classical tragedies.
Yet in its treatment of inherent improbabilities it is also the best illustration of the difference between ancient and modern views as to the limits of. - Oedipus the King: Appetite for Destruction Of all the tragedies that Greek playwright Sophocles created in his illustrious career, the one that stands out as his masterpiece, and quite possibly one of the greatest of all the Greek tragedies is Oedipus the King.