Augustine Spanish Floridais the first known and recorded Christian marriage anywhere in what is now the continental United States. The settlers and the slaves who had not escaped returned to Haitiwhence they had come. The status of indentured servants in early Virginia and Maryland was similar to slavery.
The Trouble with Black Boys: Academic Ignorance and Black Intelligence -- a article that foreshadows the development of what is now called culturally responsive or culturally competent teaching -- by linguistic scholar William Labov, who makes the point that "inner-city children do not necessarily have inferior mothers, language, or experience, but that the language, family style, and ways of living of inner-city children are significantly different from the standard culture of the classroom, and that this difference is not always properly understood by teachers and psychologists.
Linguists believe that we must begin to adapt our school system to the language and learning styles of the majority in the inner-city schools. The Timeline Project -- a historical project that presents a critically reflective timeline and more about race relations and gender issues in the U.
The Racial Wealth Divide Project -- research and publications documenting ways in which government policies have contributed to racial inequalities. Racial Bias Built Into Tests -- a article about a successful case brought against a statewide Texas aptitude test that was found to have racial bias built into its design -- the article also explains that the test construction methods used in designing this test are common.
Black Agenda Forum -- video of a March panel discussion with many key African American leaders, scholars, educators, community activists, and others -- the discussion focuses on challenges facing the African-American community and the nation, the question of whether America is in a "post-racial" era after the election of President Barack Obama, and the future of race relations in the U.
Historic Reversals, Accelerating Resegregation, and the Need for New Integration Strategies -- an important report about the increasing segregation and inequality of U.
Boundary Crossing for Diversity, Equity and Achievement: Inter-District School Desegregation and Educational Opportunity -- a study that "provides an overview of the educational and social benefits of eight inter-district school desegregation programs — from Boston to East Palo Alto, CA -- that have enabled disadvantaged, Black and Latino students to cross school district boundary lines and attend far more affluent, predominantly White and privileged suburban public schools.
Despite the fact that these programs are out of sync with the current political framing of problems and solutions in the field of education, the research on these programs to date suggests that they are far more successful than recent choice and accountability policies at closing the achievement gaps and offering meaningful school choices.
The Little Rock Nine: How Desegregation Changed Us: The central finding is that desegregation "fundamentally changed the people who lived through it.
Applied Research Center -- an organization working to "advance racial justice through research, advocacy and journalism. An Examination of Racial Discrimination in U. ERASE Racism -- an organization that "develops and promotes policies and initiatives to end the perpetuation of institutional racism in arenas such as public school education, housing, health care, and economic development.
Lies My Teacher Told Me: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism; and more. The Sounds of Silence: Breaking Down Barriers -- a report on a high school program in Michigan that successfully brought students together across racial and other social and cultural divisions. Race Bridges -- an organization that offers free lesson plans to promote interracial understanding.
National Alliance of Black School Educators NABSE -- an organization "dedicated to improving the educational experiences and accomplishments of African American youth through the development and use of instructional and motivational methods that increase levels of inspiration, attendance and overall achievement".
Engaging African American Males in Reading -- a great article by Alfred Tatum, with many useful insights and great teaching ideas and examples -- published in Educational Leadership inand available here online.
Race and Education -- a site with good programs and links with a particular focus on continued segregation in U. Supreme Court and School Diversity -- a radio program about two Supreme Court cases that call into question the efforts of many school districts to integrate their schools -- includes tape of the Supreme Court hearings on Dec.
The Unfinished Legacy of Brown v. Board of Education -- an excellent collection of articles about what the Brown case attempted to achieve and the extensive and complex work that remains.
Board of Education, history of reaction to the decision, and where we are now with regard to its goals. Classroom Activities and Resources -- lesson plans and curricular guides for teaching about this important Supreme Court Case.
An American Legacy -- a set of articles in Teaching Tolerance Magazine about this important Supreme Court case and related issues today -- includes good classroom instructional materials.
Board of Education case and where we are now on the issues the case addressed. The Promise Unfulfilled -- a special 5-part series that takes stock of the impact of the Brown v. Board of Education case -- raises important questions about current issues of race in education.
The Teaching Diverse Students Initiative -- a program designed to help educators address the education gap "by providing research-based resources for improving the teaching of racially and ethnically diverse students. Treisman and access some of his publications. Closing the Achievement Gap.
The Algebra Project -- an exceptional math education program, now nationally recognized, created by Civil Rights activist and Harvard Ph. Prep for Prep -- a successful program that demonstrates the fundamental power and value of high expectations and real opportunity in education.
The AVID Program -- a program that "places academically average students in advanced classes and supports them for success there" -- it has been very successful as measured by college admission rates of program participants, most of whom are students from groups with a history of high dropout rates and underperformance in school.
National Center for Accelerated Schools -- an approach to school reform based on the idea of providing students of limited resources with accelerated, rather than remedial, instruction -- accelerated schools use ideas from gifted and talented education to improve the education of students of limited resources, and it works!
James Comer, this nationally recognized program helps schools develop strong bonds with parents and community that translate into significant academic performance gains -- Dr.Oct 02, · African-American Essay.
The Evolution of African American Identity.
Words | 7 Pages. Race Relations Between African Americans and Whites Following Reconstruction; South African Healthcare; Colorism: Creating a Racial Divide in the African American Community The Role of African-Americans in the Abolition of .
African-American Resistance to Race and Gender Roles Essay by jackinbox African-American Resistance to Race and Gender Roles A look at the extent to which African-Americans were able to resist stereotypes of race and gender roles, between and The racial stereotypes of early American history had a significant role in shaping attitudes toward African-Americans during that time.
Images of the Sambo, Jim Crow, the Savage, Mammy, Aunt Jemimah, Sapphire, and Jezebelle may not be as powerful today, yet they are still alive. Forty-six African Americans and two white people were killed in the riot, and seventy-five people received bullet wounds.
At least five African American women were raped by predatory gangs, and the property damage was worth over $, Education playing a role in either increasing or decreasing the likelihood of incarceration based upon.
African Americans: The Role of Race Abstract The Following Essay defines and integrates the role race plays on the African American culture in their family values and politics in comparison to the Anglo American Culture. The United States has become increasingly diverse in the last century.
more important role. [tags: African American Literature] Treatment Of African Americans: - During the span of thirty years from to blacks that lived within this time frame went through arguably the most profound series of events to occur in African American history.