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The findings revealed little change in binge drinking: Two of 5 students were binge drinkers As was true in4 of 5 residents of fraternities o r sororities were binge drinkers Asian students showed a greater increase and White students a greater decrease in binge drinking from tocompared with all other students.
Among students who drank alcohol, increases in frequency of dri nking; drunkenness; drinking to get drunk; and alcohol-related problems, including drinking and driving, were reported.
Binge drinkers in both and were at increased risk of alcohol-related problems, and nonbingers at colleges with high binge dri nking rates had increased risks of encountering secondhand effects of binge drinking.
Inthe Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study CAS surveyed students at a nationally representative sample of colleges to explore the extent and consequences of binge drinking and identify the types of students most involved in this behavior. The findings showed that binge drinking was widespread among college students.
At one third of the colleges, more than half of the student body were binge drinkers. Binge drinking was associated with elevated risks for various alcohol-related educational, interpersonal, health, and safety problems for the individual drinker. Students who were not binge drinkers but lived on campuses with large numbers of binge drinkers were at heightened risks for experiencing secondhand effects, ranging in severity from common annoyances to vandalism and assaults.
Since the results of the CAS were published, several other national surveys of college populations have reported similar rates of binge drinking. Surveys conducted by the Monitoring the Future project, 4 the CORE institute, 5 and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 6 have all found that approximately 2 of 5 American college students can be termed binge drinkers.
Extensive media coverage following the release of the CAS findings in December has made the term binge drinking a routine part of news accounts of college incidents. We conducted a second survey of the CAS in to determine whether any change has yet occurred in rates of binge drinking and related problems.
In this article, we report the results of the new survey and compare the prevalence and problems associated with binge drinking reported in with our findings. Details of the sample and research design of the survey have been published elsewhere.
Twelve schools had low response rates in the survey only, 1 was low in only, and 1 was low both years. When we compared binge drinking rates of the schools with the corresponding rates of the schools in and the schools inwe found they were virtually identical.
Dropping the 14 low-response schools did not change overall binge drinking rates. The schools surveyed are located in 39 states. They represented a cross-section of US higher education.
More than two thirds of the colleges we sampled are public institutions, and less than one third are private. About two thirds are in an urban or suburban area, and one third are in small town or rural settings. Questionnaire The self-administered instrument we used in repeated the same questions about alcohol and tobacco and other drug use; student lifestyle; and demographic and background characteristics that were used in Whenever possible, these questions were based on those used previously in national or other large-scale studies.
The Measure of Binge Drinking We defined heavy episodic or binge drinking as the consumption of at least five drinks in a row for men or four drinks in a row for women during the 2 weeks before the students completed the questionnaire.
In an analysis of the CAS data, Wechsler and colleagues 10 found that using a gender-specific definition of binge drinking made the risk of alcohol-related problems equivalent for college men and women.
The CAS gender-specific measure of binge drinking was constructed from responses to four questions: Inwe excluded 2. We classified students who had binged three or more times in the past 2 weeks as frequent binge drinkers, and those who had binged one or two times in the same period occasional binge drinkers.behavioral economics, reviews applications of behavioral economics to college student drinking, and describes prevention and intervention strategies that are consistent with behavioral economic theory.
on ρ = , binge and frequent binge drinking signiﬁcantly aﬀect all four violence-related outcomes but the magnitude of these eﬀects is smaller than those suggested by the single- equation probit model by a factor of almost two for the binge drinking and by a factor of ﬁve.
🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Some contributing factors of binge drinking are the targeting of students by the alcohol industries, false or misleading statistics, and the raising of the legal drinking age to 21 2 Few researchers seem to notice that when the legal drinking age became 21 nationwide, binging by young adults became more common.
Quality Care. Find out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care. Make an appointment. Although high levels of alcohol consumption is perceived as a natural part of youth and student life, binge drinking at the university should be seen in relation to the drinking culture in Denmark.