Consequently, there is considerable uncertainty regarding both the size and quality of the oil resources that exist in ANWR. Thus, the potential ultimate oil recovery and potential yearly production are highly uncertain. The reason for the decrease is because of new exploratory drilling, which showed that many areas that were believed to hold oil actually hold natural gas.
Many of these instances include: Proponents say that drilling in ANWR would make the United States more self-sufficient in the area of energy, while at the same time not doing excessive damage to the environment of the area.
Opponents of drilling in ANWR cite the environmental problems of off-shore drilling and maintain that this land should be left alone and allowed to stand as an environmental wonder.
Given that some environmental groups do not mind allowing technology to invade the environment when it profits them and given the threats of global terror and the ever-increasing dependence our nation has on foreign oil, I believe it is in the best interests of the United States to open up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil drilling.
Before stating both Environmental views of anwr of the argument, I would like to make two observations that I found interesting while researching from the book, Taking Sides.
The first thing that I found interesting was that in an environmental science class and in an environmental science textbook, the two articles used to present the pros and cons of opening up oil drilling in ANWR were not written by environmentalists or scientists or even oil technology experts, but rather by an economist, a physicist and a lawyer.
The second thing that ran through my head as I was reading both articles was the time at which both were written. Let the Environmentalist Decide," written by Dwight R.
Lovins and lawyer L. Hunter Lovins, were both written in the months prior to the September eleventh terrorist attacks in the United States and the subsequent United States invasion of both Afghanistan and Iraq. Cunningham, Mary Ann and Saigo, Barbara, pg.
I believe that given the world we live in today, the principles that the Lovins and other use to argue against oil drilling in ANWR can be applied to argue why oil drilling should be open in the tract of land in Alaska.
By drilling for oil in Alaska the U. The drilling creates opportunities not only for oil companies, but also boating and airplane carriers.
Hunter Lovins, page This may have been true when they wrote the article but the economics of the United States and the world have changed.
They argue that the amount of oil in ANWR and the projected price per barrel for this oil would not generate enough of a profit to making drilling worth it. One part of this argument is flawed based on the figures they decide to use and the other part of the argument is outdated.
In both cases, the data used far underestimates the reality of the situation. Hunter Lovins, page The problem with this argument is that it low balls the projections. In his argument in favor of drilling, Lee says that it has been estimated that there are between three and sixteen billion barrels of recoverable petroleum Dwight R.
In his debate, Lee takes the middle ground and uses the figure of 9. Regardless of the amount of potential oil in ANWR, the most important figure in estimating the profitability of the project is the price per barrel the oil will get on the world market.
Not only must we think about the world market, but also the cost of building and transportation whether it be by boat, airplane, or train. With oil prices that high, it stands to reason that drilling in ANWR would now be a profitable proposition for oil companies. It has also been estimatedAfter four decades of debate, Congress looks set to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska to oil drilling.
Caribou graze in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska in this undated file photo. Getty. Differing views from the start.
Little of this debate, which stretches back decades, makes sense. This paper provides model-based estimates of the value of oil in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). The best estimate of economically recoverable oil in the federal portion of ANWR is billion barrels of oil, a quantity roughly equal .
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from ashio-midori.com At more than 19 million acres, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is the crown jewel of the National Wildlife Refuge System.
It is also one of the last intact landscapes in America, and home to 37 species of land mammals, eight marine mammals, 42 fish species and more than migratory bird species. Its environment is extremely vulnerable. Mar 21, · Two years ago, a bill to label foods that contained genetically engineered ingredients was introduced into Congress by a Democratic representative from Oregon and a .