More Essay Examples on Psychology Rubric We will assume a case of depression and show how research methods can be used to come up with conclusions. Operational definition of depression in this state will be a state a state of low mood and aversion to activity. Naturalistic observation will in this case involve observing individuals who are suspected of being depressed and evaluate how their behavior is different from a conventionally agreed normal state. A positive correlation would indicate similarity and logic in the temperaments of the two individuals while a negative correlation would indicate disparity in the temperaments of the two individuals.
The chapter looked at the research design adopted, research instruments used, the population, the sample, the sampling technique, data collection procedures and data analysis. The chapter ended with a summary. There are some people who feel at ease when responding to a questionnaire than being involved in an interview.
According to Ary et al ; a questionnaire guarantees confidentiality thus perhaps eliciting more truthful responses than would be obtained in an interview.
Another advantage is that the tabulation of closed ended responses is an easy and straight forward process. A questionnaire is time saving since one obtains data from relatively large samples covering a wide geographical area.
The researcher would also easily translate her objectives into specific questions. According to Fowler a low response rate reduces the sample size and may bias the results of the study.
Ary et al ; observes that in questionnaires personal contact is missing and people are more likely to refuse to cooperate.
The illiterate people are left out in a questionnaire hence this reduces the size and diversity of the sample. Ary et al Psychology research methods essay that in a questionnaire respondents may misinterpret the question and in some cases the items may not have the same meaning to all respondents.
This scenario is worsened by the fact that there is no room for probing and clarifications for additional details. According to Ary etal a questionnaire is inadequate in understanding emotions and it is difficult to tell how truthful a respondent is.
Good questions are hard to write and they take considerable time to develop. The interviewer used face to face interviews. Mahlase says, an interview refers to a situation in which answers are directly drawn out from the respondents by an interview and usually records responses.
The researcher used structured interview guide. The interview enabled the researcher to gather comparable data in surrounding secondary schools under study.
There is room for clarification since questions can be repeated or their meanings explained. The interviewer can also press for relevant additional information when a response seems incomplete or not entirely relevant.
In an interview the interviewer has control over the order in which the questions are considered since in some cases it is important for the respondents not to know the nature of later questions because their responses to earlier questions may influence earlier responses.
Interviews supply large volumes of in depth data in a short space of time. They may say want they think the interviewer wants to hear.
The interviews are prone to interviewer bias since the interviewer may reward, correct or encourage responses that fit his or her expectations Ary et al through verbal and nonverbal cues. In an interview there is no anonymity hence the respondents might fail to cooperate fully for fear of victimization.
An interview may seem intrusive to the respondent. It carefully specifies beforehand the categories of behaviors or events under study and under what circumstances they should be assigned to those categories.
Observations are then fragmented or coded into more managerial pieces of information which are later aggregated into usable quantifiable data.
Certain phenomenon can be accessed and properly understood only through observation ,for example interaction can be meaningfully assessed and understood only through observation. Croll observes that ,the presents of the researcher may influence the phenomenon itself. In other words those people under study may change their activities in the presence of the researcher.
At times the researcher has to wait until the appropriate event takes place ,hence the exercise will be time consuming and labor intensive. However the researcher choose this method so that she gets certain behaviors in their natural state.
The targeted population was the teachers of mathematics, Heads of mathematics department, Heads of selected schools in Gokwe South central cluster and District officer of Gokwe south central cluster. The cluster sampling technique was used to select the schools.Apr 13, · Psychology research paper is a common assignment and source of many sleepless nights at college.
The reality is that these papers are easier to write than we think. Use your curiosity in order to research the topic thoroughly and provide strong evidence for your claims. This essay is going to look at one of the experiment method which is; the laboratory experiment which gives the researcher complete control over the experiment, and a non-experimental method which is the naturalistic observation; it involves the researcher in the recording of behaviour in its natural setting.
Three Descriptive Research Methods Essay Words | 3 Pages. One of of three methods used for descriptive research is the case study. The case study method is the oldest form of research used in psychology today.
Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best-known ones carried out were by Sigmund Freud.
Research methods in psychology Essay. Research methods in psychology There are a number of methods that can be used to conduct researches in psychology - Research methods in psychology Essay introduction. These methods have been discussed in detail hereafter.
“A background in research methods will help to read these reports critically, evaluate the methods employed, and decide whether the conclusions are reasonable” (Cozby, , p. 2). What is the importance of research in behavioral sciences?